Your teeth perform many important functions, including biting, chewing, speaking, and providing you with a beautiful smile. They are also important for the health and strength of your jawbone. While your teeth are the strongest substance in your body, they are still susceptible to physical damage and decay. Because of their importance, the ideal solution is to restore damaged teeth so that they can continue to function normally. However, if the teeth are too badly damaged, leaving them in your mouth can create more issues. At Dental Arts of Frederick, we can restore your oral health with tooth extractions.
Do I Need to Have a Tooth Extraction?
Ideally, damaged teeth are restored. Common restorative treatments include fillings, inlays, onlays, and crowns. These treatments enable damaged teeth to remain in their sockets and function normally. However, if the damage is severe enough, the affected tooth may not be salvageable. Trying to save the tooth could lead to further harm, such as infections and other complications.
When you have a damaged tooth, we perform a thorough oral examination. We look over the teeth to assess the extent of the damage. X-rays are also taken so that we can see the tooth roots and your jawbone. This enables us to determine the extent of the damage and whether or not the tooth can be saved. There are a few situations in which a tooth extraction is necessary. These include:
|Root fractures. These include fractures in your teeth that begin in the crown and travel below the gumline as well as those that are entirely below the gumline. Crowns cannot protect the roots of the teeth.
|Split or shattered teeth.
|Severe tooth decay. A filling can further compromise the tooth while there may not be enough healthy tooth structure left to support a crown.
|Severe gum disease.
There are also a few situations in which teeth need to be extracted even though your teeth are not damaged. These include:
|Correcting overcrowding. Overcrowding is treated with orthodontics. To create space for your teeth, one or more of your teeth may need to be extracted.
|Impacted wisdom teeth.
Simple tooth extraction is, as the name suggests, a fairly simple, straightforward process. It is typically done under a local anesthetic so that you do not feel any discomfort. During a simple extraction, a tool called an elevator is used to separate the gum tissue and periodontal ligament from the tooth. Next, forceps are used to move the tooth, further widening the ligament to loosen the tooth. The tooth is then pulled free from the socket.
Surgical extractions are recommended in more complicated cases. These include situations such as impacted wisdom teeth or teeth that are severely damaged. This procedure is performed under a local anesthetic as well. Sedation may also be provided to help you remain relaxed and comfortable.
The procedure starts with incisions in your gums to expose the root of the damaged tooth and the surrounding bone. The tooth is then removed. This may require sectioning the tooth and removing it in pieces. Sometimes, small amounts of bone may also need to be removed in the process. Once complete, the socket is cleaned, and the surgical wounds are sutured closed.
When teeth are damaged, the preferred solution is to restore them, enabling them to remain in your mouth and function normally. However, if the damage is too severe, an extraction and tooth replacement may be the best solution. For more information, and to find out if you need a tooth extraction, contact Dental Arts of Frederick today at 301-732-7277.